Berber: Language Native Name Languages > Name



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Language Native Name

LanguageName
1Afar
Qafár af
2Afrikaans
Afrikaans
3Albanian
shqip
4Amharic
አማርኛ
5Arabic
العربية
6Arabic, Libyan
ليبي
7Armenian
Հայերեն լեզու
8Balochi
بلوچی
9Bambara
Bamanankan
10Beja
بداوية
11Bemba
Chibemba
12Bengali
বাংলা
13Berber
Tamazight
14Bhojpuri
भोजपुरी
15Bislama
Bislama
16Blin
ብሊና
17Bosnian
босански
18Brahui
براوی
19Burmese
Burmese
20Cebuano
Bisaya
21Chichewa
Nyanja
22Chinese, Hakka
客家話
23Croatian
hrvatski
24Danish
Dansk
25Dari Persian
دری
26Divehi
ދިވެހި
27Doteli
28Dutch
Nederlands
29Edo
Ẹ̀dó
30Efik
Efik proper
31Egyptian Arabic
مصري‎
32English
English
33French
Français
34Frisian, West
Frysk
35Fula
Fulfulde
36Gagauz
Gagauz dili
37Garifuna
Garifuna
38German
Deutsch
39Gilbertese
Taetae ni Kiribati
40Guarani
Avañe'ẽ
41Hassaniya
Ḥassānīya
42Hausa
هَوُسَ
43Hebrew
עִבְרִית
44Herero
Otjiherero
45Hiligaynon
Ilonggo
46Hindi
हिन्दी
47Hiri Motu
Hiri Motu
48Hungarian
magyar
49Icelandic
íslenska
50Idoma
Idoma
51Igbo
Asụsụ Igbo
52Ilokano
Ilokano
53Indonesian
Bahasa Indonesia
54Irish
Gaeilge
55Isan
ภาษาอีสาน
56Italian
Italiano
57Japanese
日本語
58Javanese
basa Jawa
59Jingpho
Jinghpaw
60Kanuri
Kanuri
61Kaonde
Chikahonde
62Kapampangan
Kapampangan
63Karakalpak
Қарақалпақ тили
64Karen
Karen
65Kashubian
Kaszëbsczi jãzëk
66Kayah, Eastern
Eastern Kayah
67Kayah, Western
Western Kayah
68Kazakh
Қазақ тілі
69Kinyarwanda
Ikinyarwanda
70Korean
한국말
71Kpelle
Kpɛlɛwoo
72Kumaoni
कुमाँऊनी
73Kunama
Kunama
74Kurdish
كوردی
75Kwangali
Rukwangali
76Kwanyama
Oshikwanyama
77Kyrgyz
Кыргызча
78Lao
ພາສາລາວ
79Latvian
latviešu valoda
80Leeward Caribbean Creole English
Leeward Caribbean Creole English
81Lithuanian
lietuvių kalba
82Lunda
Chilunda
83Luvale
Chiluvale
84Luxembourgish
Lëtzebuergesch
85Macedonian
Македонски јазик
86Makhuwa
Emakuana
87Malagasy
Malagasy
88Malaysian
Bahasa Malaysia
89Maltese
Malti
90Mandarin
官话
91Mandinka
Mandingo
92Maninka
Malinke
93Maori
Māori
94Marathi
मराठी
95Marshallese
Kajin M̧ajeļ
96Mende
Mɛnde yia
97Miskito
Mískitu
98Mon
Mon
99Mongolian
Mongγol kele
100Monégasque
Munegascu
101Nahuatl
Nāhuatlahtōlli
102Nama
Khoekhoegowab
103Nara
Nara
104Ndebele, Northern
isiNdebele
105Ndebele, Southern
isiNdebele
106Ndonga
OshiNdonga
107Nepali
नेपाली
108Norwegian
norsk
109Palauan
Palauan
110Pangasinan
Salitan Pangasinan
111Papiamento
Papiamentu
112Pashto
پښتو
113Polish
język polski
114Portuguese
Português
115Punjabi
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ/پنجابی
116Punjabi, Pakistani
پنجابی
117Quechua
Runa Simi
118Romanian
română
119Romansh
rumauntsch
120Russian
ру́сский язы́
121Saho
Saho
122Samoan
Gagana fa'a Sāmoa
123Saraiki
سرائیکی ਸਰਾਇਕੀ सराइकी
124Sena, Malawian
Malawian Sena
125Sena, Mozambiquean
Mozambiquean Sena
126Serbian
српски
127Serbian
српски
128Serer
Seereer
129Sesotho
Sesotho
130Setswana
Setswana
131Seychellois Creole
Seselwa
132Shan
Shan
133Shona
chiShona
134Silozi
siLozi
135Sindhi
سنڌي, सिन्धी
136Sinhala
සිංහල
137Slovak
slovenčina
138Slovene
slovenščina
139Somali
اللغة الصومالية
140Soninke
Sooninkanxanne
141Sotho, Northern
Sesotho sa Leboa
142Spanish
Español
143Sundanese
Basa Sunda
144Susu
Sosoxui
145Swahili
Kiswahili
146Swahili, Coastal
Kiswahili
147Swahili, Congo
Kiswahili
148Swazi
SiSwati
149Swedish
svenska
150Tagalog
Wikang Tagalog
151Taiwanese
臺語
152Tajik
тоҷикӣ
153Tamil
தமிழ்
154Telugu
తెలుగు
155Thai
ภาษาไทย
156Tigre
ቲግሬ Tigre
157Tigrinya
ትግርኛ tigriññā
158Tok Pisin
Tok Pisin
159Tonga
Tonga
160Tongan
lea fakatonga
161Tsonga
Xitsonga
162Tuareg
Tamasheq
163Turkish
Türkçe
164Turkmen
түркменче
165Tuvaluan
Te Ggana Tuuvalu
166Ukrainian
Українська мова
167Urdu
اردو
168Uzbek
Ўзбек
169Venda
Tshivenḓa
170Vietnamese
Tiếng Việt
171Waray-Waray
Winaray
172Western Persian
فارسی
173Wolof
Wolof
174Wu
吴语
175Xhosa
isiXhosa
176Yoruba
èdè Yorùbá
177Yukatek
Màaya T'àan
178Zarma
Zarmaciine
179Zulu
isiZulu

Berber (Tamazight)

Berber or the Berber languages (Berber: Tamaziɣt or Tamazight) are a family of similar or closely related languages and dialects indigenous to North Africa. Berber is spoken by large populations of Morocco and Algeria, and by smaller populations in Libya, Tunisia, eastern Mali, western and northern Niger, northern Burkina Faso, Mauritania, and the Egyptian Siwa Oasis.

Large Berber-speaking migrant communities have lived in Western Europe since the 1950s. In 2001, Berber became a national language of Algeria in the constitution, and in 2011, Berber became an official language of Morocco, in the new Moroccan constitution.

Berber constitutes a branch of the Afroasiatic language family and has been attested since ancient times. The number of ethnic Berbers (whether they speak Berber or not) is much higher than the current number of actual Berber speakers in North Africa. The bulk of the populations of the Maghreb countries are considered to have Berber ancestors. In Algeria, for example, a majority of the population consists of Arabicised Berbers.

There is a movement among speakers of the closely related "Northern Berber" varieties to unite them into a single standard language. The name Tamazight, originally the native self-name of the Berber varieties of the Atlas and the Rif regions, is being increasingly used for this Standard Berber, and even for Berber as a whole.

There are six major Berber varieties spoken by nine-tenths of the Berber-speaking population. They are, in the order of demographic weight: Tashelhit (Tacelḥit), Kabylian (Taqbaylit), Central Atlas (Tamazight), Rifian (Tamazight/ Tarifit), Shawiya (Tacawit), Tuareg (Tamahaq/ Tamaceq) and Shenwa (Haqbaylit).

The Berber languages have had a written tradition, on and off, for over 2,200 years, although the tradition has been frequently disrupted by various invasions. It was first written in the Tifinagh alphabet, still used by the Tuareg; the oldest dated inscription is from about 200 BC.

Later, between about 1000 AD and 1500 AD, it was written in the Arabic script; since the 20th century, it has often been written in the Berber Latin alphabet, especially among the Kabylians and Rifians and within the cultural and linguistic communities of Morocco and Algeria. The Berber Latin alphabet is also used by most European and Berber linguists during the 19th and 20th centuries.

A modernized form of the Tifinagh alphabet was made official in Morocco in 2003, and a similar one is sparsely used in Algeria together with the Berber Latin alphabet. Mali and Niger recognized the "Tuareg Berber Latin alphabet" and customized it to the Tuareg phonological system. However, traditional Tifinagh is still used in those countries. Both Tifinagh and Berber-Latin scripts are being increasingly used in Morocco and parts of Algeria, while the Arabic script has been abandoned by Berber writers.
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